Worth knowing about the cello
The cello or violoncello belongs to the Viola da Braccio instrumentsinthefamily of the bowed stringed instruments and takes the tenor range. Unlike the viola and violin, the cello is fixed on the floor with a spike. Its origin dates back to the early 16th century.
The cello was originally simply called "bass violin" and also the terms „violon“ and „bassviolon“ had been used. Today's current tuning of the instrument with four strings (C, G, D, A) in the distance of fifths had varied initially from region to region. Only 200 years after the development of the first instruments today's tuning was already used in whole Europe. Even the today used spike was not common from the beginning. The large stringed instrument was played clamped between his knees. It should even have been played fixed standing or running at the shoulder. The register of the modern violoncello is exactly one octave lower than the viola one and its range, even in the highest, is still able to convince in sound and also sounds correspondingly larger.
Construction of the cello
The characteristic scroll at the head of bowed stringed instruments is also a typical feature at the cello. Pegs and fingerboard are made of ebony, for lower-priced cellos also other stained hardwoods. The tailpiece may also be produced of ebony, but plastics or metal are also used there. Sides, neck and table of the violoncello are made of spruce wood - the back, in contrast, is mostly made of maple. This is often flamed for optical reasons. The sound-holes serve all strings not primarily intended to direct the sound to the outside, but rather increase the response capability of the instrument table and make it more flexible.
Components and materials of the cello
Use of the cello
The violoncello is used both soloistic, in chamber music and in the orchestra. This means a long history in development, which had started with the use of the cello in through-bass. Until 1650 the cello could not exceed its role as pure basso. There have been also composed sonatas for lower strings, but especially for the then current gambas. The cello was summarized vocally with the double basses. It was not until the works of Vivaldi and Bach, the importance of the cello in the orchestra incresed and assumed the role of the gamba which had come into disuse until 1750. In the 18th century the first major concert for the cello was composed, among others the Cello Concertos in C major and D major by Haydn. The literature from the period of classical music to the modern offers cellists a number of wonderful Cello Sonatas (e.g. Beethoven and Brahms) and exceptional Cello Concertos (e.g. Boccherini, Schumann, Saint-Saëns, Dvořák, Bruch and Schostakowitsch).
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Cello bows and
Cello sheet music as well as all
Accessories for cello like